Vladimir Putin: Full Textual content of February 21, 2022 Speech

The subject of my speech is the occasions in Ukraine and why that is so…

The subject of my speech is the occasions in Ukraine and why that is so necessary for us, for Russia. After all, my speech can be addressed to our fellow residents in Ukraine.

I must communicate at size and intimately. The issue could be very severe.

The scenario within the Donbass has as soon as once more turn into vital and acute. And at the moment I’m addressing you immediately, not solely to evaluate what is going on, but additionally to tell you concerning the choices which are being taken and potential additional steps on this course.

I want to emphasize as soon as once more that Ukraine isn’t just a neighboring nation for us. It’s an integral a part of our personal historical past, tradition and non secular area. It’s our mates, our family members, not solely colleagues, mates and former work colleagues, but additionally our family members and shut members of the family.

For the reason that oldest occasions the inhabitants of the south-western historic territories of historic Russia have referred to as themselves Russians and Orthodox Christians. It was the identical within the seventeenth century, when part of these territories was reunited with the Russian state, and even after that.

It appears to us that in precept everyone knows this, that we’re speaking about identified information. Nevertheless, as a way to perceive what is going on at the moment, to clarify the motives of Russian actions and the targets we’ve got set, it’s essential to say a minimum of a couple of phrases concerning the historical past of the difficulty.

So let me begin with the truth that trendy Ukraine was created completely by Russia, extra exactly, by Bolshevik communist Russia. This course of started virtually instantly after the 1917 Revolution, and Lenin and his comrades-in-arms did it in a really crude means with Russia itself – by secession, chopping off elements of its personal historic territories. After all, nobody requested the tens of millions of people that lived there for something.

Then, earlier than and after the Nice Patriotic Conflict, Stalin already annexed some territories that had beforehand belonged to Poland, Romania and Hungary to the united states and transferred them to Ukraine. As a form of compensation, Stalin gave Poland a number of the ancestral German territories, and in 1954, for some purpose, Khrushchev took Crimea away from Russia and gave it to Ukraine. On this means, the territory of Soviet Ukraine was created.

However now I want to discuss particularly concerning the preliminary interval of the creation of the united states. I feel this is essential for us. We must begin, as they are saying, from a distance.

I want to recall that after the October coup of 1917 and the following civil struggle, the Bolsheviks started to construct a brand new state system, and there have been fairly sharp disagreements between them. Stalin, who in 1922 held the posts of Basic Secretary of the Central Committee of the RKP and Folks’s Commissar for Nationalities in private union, proposed to construct the nation in keeping with the rules of autonomization, that’s, to provide the republics – the longer term administrative-territorial models – far-reaching powers once they joined the unitary state.

Lenin criticized this plan and instructed making concessions to the nationalists, as he referred to as them on the time – the “independents.” These had been exactly Lenin’s concepts of an primarily confederative state construction and the suitable of peoples to self-determination as much as and together with secession, which shaped the premise of Soviet statehood: first in 1922 within the Declaration on the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics after which, after Lenin’s loss of life, within the 1924 Structure of the united states.

Many questions instantly come up right here. And the primary of them is definitely a very powerful: why was it essential to fulfill any boundlessly rising nationalist ambitions on the sides of the previous empire? The switch of giant, usually arbitrarily shaped administrative models, the Union Republics, which frequently had no relation to the territory. I repeat: they had been transferred along with the inhabitants of historic Russia.

Furthermore, these administrative models had been the truth is given the standing and type of nationwide state entities. As soon as once more I ask myself: why was it essential to make such beneficiant presents, which probably the most ardent nationalists didn’t even dare to dream of earlier than, and, furthermore, to grant the republics the suitable to secede from the unitary state with none circumstances?

At first look, that is fully incomprehensible, it’s insanity. However it’s so solely at first sight. There’s an evidence for it. After the revolution, the primary activity of the Bolsheviks was to take care of energy, at any value. For this they did every thing: they accepted the humiliating circumstances of the Brest Treaty at a time when Imperial Germany and its allies had been in probably the most tough navy and financial scenario and the result of the First World Conflict was truly already predetermined, they usually complied with all of the calls for, all the needs of the nationalists contained in the nation.

In view of the historic future of Russia and its peoples, the Leninist rules of state-building weren’t solely a mistake, however far worse than a mistake. After the collapse of the united states in 1991 this turned completely apparent.

After all, the occasions of the previous can’t be modified, however we should a minimum of talk about them immediately and actually, with out reservations and with out political coloration. I can solely add that the issues of the present political conjuncture, nevertheless spectacular and advantageous they might appear at a given second, mustn’t or can not below any circumstances kind the premise for the elemental rules of statehood.

I don’t need to accuse anybody now, the scenario within the nation at the moment and after the civil struggle, earlier than the civil struggle, was extremely tough and significant. I simply need to say at the moment that it was precisely like that. That could be a historic truth. As I’ve already mentioned, the Bolshevik coverage led to the emergence of Soviet Ukraine, which even at the moment can rightly be referred to as “Vladimir Lenin Ukraine”. He was its creator and architect. That is totally confirmed by paperwork within the archives, together with Lenin’s strict directives for the Donbass, which was actually squeezed into Ukraine. And now the “grateful descendants” have demolished Lenin monuments in Ukraine. They name this decommunization. (Translator’s notice: “Decommunization” means the eradication of every thing that reminds of communism, much like the denazification in Germany after World Conflict II).

You need to decommunize? Nicely, that’s completely tremendous with us. However you shouldn’t, as they are saying, cease midway. We’re prepared to indicate you what actual decommunization means for Ukraine.

Returning to historical past, I repeat that the united states was based in 1922 on the territory of the previous Russian Empire. Nevertheless, life itself instantly confirmed that it was unimaginable to take care of such a big and sophisticated territory or to control it in keeping with the proposed amorphous, quasi-confederal rules. They had been fully disconnected from actuality and historic custom.

It’s only logical that the Crimson Terror and the speedy transition to Stalinist dictatorship, the domination of communist ideology and the monopoly of energy of the Communist Celebration, nationalization and the deliberate economic system system in apply made the declared however unimplementable rules of statehood a mere declaration, a formality. In actuality, the Union Republics had no rights of sovereignty in any respect; these rights merely didn’t exist. In apply, a strictly centralized, fully unitary state was created.

Stalin, the truth is, put into apply not Lenin’s, however his very personal concepts of statehood. However he didn’t make any corresponding adjustments within the systemic paperwork, within the structure of the nation, didn’t formally rethink the proclaimed Leninist rules of constructing the united states. Clearly, there was no purpose for that – every thing labored below the totalitarian regime and it appeared very good, engaging and even super-democratic on the floor.

Nonetheless, it’s a nice pity that the vile, utopian fantasies impressed by the revolution, however completely damaging for a standard nation, weren’t promptly faraway from the essential, formally authorized foundations on which our whole statehood was constructed. Nobody, as was so usually the case with us prior to now, thought concerning the future.

The leaders of the Communist Celebration appeared satisfied that they’d succeeded in forming a stable system of presidency and that they’d lastly solved the nationwide query by their insurance policies. However the distortions, adjustments of ideas, manipulation of public consciousness and deception had been pricey. The bacillus of nationalist ambition had not disappeared, and the unique mine that had been laid to undermine the immunity of the state to the contagion of nationalism was simply ready to blow up. This landmine, I repeat, was the suitable to secede from the united states.

Within the mid-Nineteen Eighties, towards the backdrop of rising socioeconomic issues and an apparent disaster within the deliberate economic system, the nationwide query intensified, the core of which, as at all times, was not the expectations and unfulfilled aspirations of the peoples of the Union, however in the beginning the rising urge for food of native elites.

However as a substitute of completely analyzing the scenario and taking applicable measures, particularly within the economic system, in addition to progressively, thoughtfully and consciously reworking the political system and state construction, the CPSU management confined itself to placing into phrases the Leninist precept of nationwide self-determination.

As the ability wrestle unfolded throughout the Communist Celebration itself, every of the opposing sides, as a way to broaden its base of help, started to ruthlessly incite, promote and play on nationalist sentiments by promising its potential supporters no matter they desired. Amid superficial and populist rhetoric about democracy and a brilliant future constructed on the premise of a market or deliberate economic system, however in the actual circumstances of impoverishment and whole deficit, nobody in energy considered the inevitable tragic penalties for the nation.

After which they adopted the well-trodden path of satisfying the ambitions of nationalist elites nurtured in their very own social gathering ranks, forgetting that the CPSU – thank God – now not had such devices as state terror and a Stalin-style dictatorship to take care of energy and the nation itself. And so even the notorious management position of the social gathering itself disappeared like a morning mist with out a hint earlier than their eyes.

In September 1989, the Plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU adopted an primarily deadly doc – the so-called nationwide coverage of the Celebration in trendy circumstances, the CPSU Platform. It contained the next provisions, and I quote, “The Union republics shall have all of the rights commensurate with their standing as sovereign socialist states.”

One other clause learn, “The supreme consultant organs of energy of the Union Republics could problem and droop the decrees and orders of the Union Authorities

of their territories.”

And at last, “Every Union Republic shall have its personal citizenship, which shall apply to all its inhabitants.”

Was it not apparent, then, what such formulations and choices would result in?

That is neither the time nor the place to debate problems with state or constitutional legislation and to outline the idea of citizenship. Nonetheless, the query arises: why did the nation need to be shaken even additional below these already tough circumstances?

Already two years earlier than the collapse of the united states, its destiny was virtually sealed. Now the radicals and nationalists, together with and particularly in Ukraine, are claiming the achievement of independence for themselves. As we will see, this isn’t the case in any respect. The collapse of our some nation was brought on by historic, strategic errors of the Bolshevik leaders, the management of the CPSU, made at totally different occasions in state constructing, financial and nationwide coverage. They’ve on their conscience the collapse of the historic Russia, which bore the title of USSR.

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Regardless of all these injustices, fraud and open theft of Russia, our folks acknowledged the brand new geopolitical realities that emerged after the collapse of the united states, acknowledged the brand new impartial states. And never solely that – Russia itself, which was in a really tough scenario on the time, helped its CIS companions, together with its Ukrainian counterparts, from whom quite a few requests for materials help had been already acquired on the time of the declaration of independence. And our nation supplied this help whereas respecting the dignity and sovereignty of Ukraine.

Based on professional estimates, confirmed by a easy calculation of the costs of vitality carriers, the quantity of preferential credit and financial and commerce preferences granted by Russia to Ukraine amounted to about $250 billion for the Ukrainian funds from 1991 to 2013.

However that is removed from all. On the finish of 1991, the united states’s debt obligations to international nations and worldwide funds amounted to about $100 billion. Initially, it was assumed that these loans can be repaid in solidarity by all former Soviet republics in proportion to their financial potential. Nevertheless, Russia assumed your entire Soviet debt and repaid it in full. It accomplished this course of in 2017.

In return, the newly impartial states had been to surrender their share of Soviet international property, and agreements to this impact had been reached with Ukraine in December 1994. Nevertheless, Kiev didn’t ratify these agreements and later merely refused to implement it. It laid declare to the Diamond Fund, the Gold Reserve, and property and different property of the previous USSR overseas.

Nevertheless, regardless of the well-known issues, Russia has at all times cooperated with Ukraine overtly, actually, and, I repeat, whereas safeguarding its pursuits, and our relationships have developed in a variety of areas. For instance, bilateral commerce turnover in 2011 amounted to greater than $50 billion. I want to level out that the quantity of Ukraine’s commerce with all EU nations in 2019, earlier than the pandemic, was under this determine.

On this regard, it jumps to the attention that Ukrainian governments most popular to behave in such a means that in relations with Russia they’d all of the rights and advantages, however no obligations.

As an alternative of partnership, dependence prevailed, which the official our bodies in Kiev typically thought of virtually a peccadillo. Suffice it to recall the fixed extortion within the area of vitality transit and the banal theft of gasoline. (Translator’s notice: particulars of the gasoline conflicts previous, to which Putin alludes right here, may be discovered right here).

I ought to add that Kiev has tried to make use of dialogue with Russia as a pretext to barter with the West, to blackmail it into rapprochement with Moscow, and to achieve benefits for itself: on the grounds that in any other case Russian affect in Ukraine would improve.

On the similar time, from the very starting, I want to emphasize, from the very first steps, Ukrainian governments have began to construct their statehood on the denial of every thing that unites us, they’ve tried to distort the consciousness and historic reminiscence of tens of millions of individuals, complete generations dwelling in Ukraine. Not surprisingly, Ukrainian society was confronted with the rise of utmost nationalism, which rapidly took the type of aggressive Russophobia and neo-Nazism. Therefore the involvement of Ukrainian nationalists and neo-Nazis in terrorist gangs within the North Caucasus and the more and more vocal territorial claims towards Russia.

Overseas forces, which have used an intensive community of NGOs and intelligence companies to domesticate their clientele in Ukraine and produce their proxies to energy, have additionally performed their half.

It is usually necessary to grasp that Ukraine has mainly by no means had a secure custom of real statehood. Since 1991, it has gone the best way of mechanical copying of international fashions, indifferent from its historical past and Ukrainian actuality. The state’s political establishments have been continually reshaped to serve quickly rising clans with their very own pursuits, which don’t have anything in frequent with the pursuits of the Ukrainian folks.

The aim of the so-called pro-Western civilizational determination of the Ukrainian oligarchs was and isn’t to create higher circumstances for the welfare of the folks, however to subserviently serve Russia’s geopolitical rivals as a way to save billions of {dollars} stolen from Ukrainians and stashed by the oligarchs in Western financial institution accounts.

Some industrial monetary teams that took over events and politicians initially relied on nationalists and radicals. Others paid lip service to good relations with Russia and cultural and linguistic variety and got here to energy with the votes of residents who wholeheartedly supported such aspirations, together with tens of millions from the southeast of the nation. However as soon as in workplace, they instantly betrayed their constituents, deserted their marketing campaign guarantees, and carried out insurance policies on the behest of radicals, typically persecuting their former allies – these civil society organizations that advocated bilingualism and cooperation with Russia. They took benefit of the truth that the individuals who supported them had been normally law-abiding, reasonable of their views, and accustomed to trusting the federal government.

The radicals, in flip, turned increasingly more brazen, and their calls for grew 12 months by 12 months. It was not tough for them to impose their will many times on a weak authorities, itself contaminated with the virus of nationalism and corruption, and to cleverly exchange the true cultural, financial and social pursuits of the folks and the actual sovereignty of Ukraine with numerous sorts of speculations with nationwide justifications and international ethnographic options.

There’s nonetheless no everlasting statehood in Ukraine and the political electoral processes serve solely as a canopy, a projection display for the redistribution of energy and property between totally different oligarch clans.

Corruption, which is undoubtedly a problem and an issue for a lot of nations, together with Russia, has taken on a particular character in Ukraine. It has actually impregnated and corroded Ukrainian statehood, your entire system, all branches of energy. Radicals exploited folks’s professional discontent, saddled on the protest and led the Maidan to a coup d’état in 2014. Within the course of, they acquired direct help from overseas. Materials help from the U.S. Embassy to the so-called protest camp on the Maidan in Kyiv, in keeping with our data, amounted to at least one million {dollars} per day. Different very massive quantities had been openly transferred on to the financial institution accounts of opposition leaders. And we talked about tens of tens of millions of {dollars}. And the way a lot did those that had been truly injured, the households of those that died within the clashes within the streets and squares of Kiev and different cities, get in the long run? It’s higher to not ask about that.

The radicals who got here to energy organized persecution, outright terror towards those that spoke out towards anti-constitutional measures. Politicians, journalists and public figures had been mistreated and publicly humiliated. Ukrainian cities had been overtaken by a wave of pogroms and violence, a sequence of spectacular and unpunished murders. The horrific tragedy in Odessa, the place peaceable protesters had been brutally murdered and burned alive on the Commerce Union Home, makes one shudder. The criminals who dedicated this atrocity haven’t been punished and nobody is on the lookout for them.

However we all know their names and we’ll do every thing to punish them, to search out them and produce them to justice.

The Maidan didn’t convey Ukraine nearer to democracy and progress. With the coup d’état, the nationalists and the political forces supporting them lastly led the scenario to a useless finish and pushed Ukraine into the abyss of civil struggle. Eight years after these occasions, the nation is split. Ukraine is in an acute socioeconomic disaster.

Based on worldwide organizations, in 2019, virtually six million Ukrainians, I emphasize about 15 p.c of the full inhabitants, not the working-age inhabitants, had been compelled to go overseas in quest of work. As a rule, these are informal jobs. The next truth can be important: since 2020, greater than 60,000 medical doctors and different well being staff have left the nation through the pandemic.

Since 2014, water tariffs have elevated by practically a 3rd, electrical energy costs by a number of occasions, and gasoline costs by ten occasions. Many individuals merely don’t have the cash to pay utilities; they actually need to survive.

What’s taking place? Why is all this taking place? The reply is clear: it’s as a result of the dowry, which dates not solely from the Soviet period, but additionally from the Russian Empire, has been squandered and embezzled. Tens and a whole bunch of 1000’s of jobs that supplied folks with a secure revenue, together with by shut cooperation with Russia, and introduced taxes into the state coffers had been misplaced. Industries reminiscent of machine constructing, instrument making, electronics, shipbuilding, and plane development both lie idle or have been destroyed, whereas they was once the pleasure not solely of Ukraine, however of your entire Soviet Union.

In 2021, the Chernomorsky shipyard in Mykolaiv, the place the primary shipyards had been in-built Catherine II’s time, was closed down. The well-known Antonov concern has not produced a single manufacturing plane since 2016, and the Yuzhmash plant, which specializes within the manufacture of rocket and area gear, is on the verge of chapter, as is the Kremenchuk steelworks. This unhappy listing may very well be continued indefinitely.

The gasoline transportation system, which was constructed by your entire Soviet Union, is so dilapidated that its operation is fraught with nice dangers and environmental hazards.

And this raises the query: are poverty, hopelessness, lack of industrial and technological potential the selection of the pro-Western civilization that deceived tens of millions of individuals for years and promised them paradise?

In pracis, it has come right down to the truth that the collapse of the Ukrainian economic system is accompanied by outright plundering of its residents, whereas Ukraine itself is just positioned below international administration. That is taking place not solely on the directions of Western capitals, but additionally on the bottom by an entire community of international consultants, NGOs, and different establishments which have unfold themselves all through Ukraine. They’ve direct affect on all main personnel choices, on all branches and ranges of presidency, from the central authorities to the municipalities, on the primary state enterprises and firms, together with Naftogaz, Ukrenergo, Ukrainian Railways, Ukroboronprom (the protection business), Ukrposhta (the postal service), and the Ukrainian Seaport Administration.

There are merely no impartial courts in Ukraine. On the request of the West, the Kyiv authorities granted representatives of worldwide organizations the precedence proper to pick the members of the best judicial our bodies – the Judicial Council and the Judicial Qualification Fee.

As well as, the U.S. Embassy immediately controls the Nationwide Company for Corruption Prevention, the Nationwide Anti-Corruption Bureau NABU, the Specialised Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Workplace, and the Supreme Anti-Corruption Court docket. All of that is executed below the believable pretext of creating the combat towards corruption more practical. Wonderful, tremendous, however the place are the outcomes? Corruption is in full bloom and thriving higher than ever.

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Are Ukrainians themselves conscious of all these strategies of their administration? Do they notice that their nation shouldn’t be merely below a political and financial protectorate, however has been decreased to the extent of a colony with a puppet regime? The privatization of the state has led the federal government that calls itself the “energy of patriots” to lose its nationwide character and persistently pursue the whole de-sovereignization of the nation.

De-Russification and compelled assimilation proceed. The Verkhovna Rada ceaselessly enacts increasingly more discriminatory legal guidelines, and a legislation on so-called indigenous peoples is already in power. Individuals who take into account themselves Russians and need to protect their id, language and tradition have acquired a transparent message that they’re strangers in Ukraine.

Based on the legal guidelines on training and functioning of the Ukrainian language as a state language, Russian is banned from faculties, from all public areas to peculiar shops. The legislation on so-called lustration, the “purge” of energy, made it potential to dismiss unpleasant officers.

Legal guidelines giving Ukrainian legislation enforcement companies grounds for rigorous suppression of freedom of expression and dissent, in addition to persecution of the opposition, are being bred. The unhappy apply of unilateral illegitimate sanctions towards different states, international people and authorized entities is thought worldwide. Ukraine has outdone its Western curators and invented such an instrument as sanctions towards its personal residents, corporations, TV channels, different media and even members of parliament.

Kiev additionally continues to bloodbath the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate. And this isn’t an emotional evaluation, however concrete choices and paperwork show it. The Ukrainian authorities has cynically turned the tragedy of the church cut up into an instrument of state coverage. The present management of the nation doesn’t reply to the requests of the residents of Ukraine to repeal the legal guidelines that violate the rights of believers. Furthermore, new draft legal guidelines towards the clergy and tens of millions of parishioners of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate had been registered within the Rada.

I want to communicate individually about Crimea. The folks on the peninsula have freely chosen to belong to Russia. The federal government in Kyiv has nothing to counter this clear and unequivocal will of the folks and due to this fact depends on aggressive actions, on activating extremist cells, together with radical Islamic organizations, on sending subversive teams to hold out terrorist assaults on vital infrastructure and to kidnap Russian residents. Now we have direct proof that such aggressive actions are carried out with the help of international intelligence providers.

In March 2021, Ukraine adopted a brand new navy technique. This doc is nearly solely devoted to confrontation with Russia and is geared toward drawing international states into battle with our nation. The technique envisions constructing a form of terrorist underground in Crimea and the Donbass. It additionally outlines the contours of the anticipated struggle, which, in keeping with at the moment’s strategists in Kiev, ought to finish – and I quote from right here – “with the assistance of the worldwide group on phrases favorable to Ukraine.” And likewise, as Kiev expresses itself at the moment, and I quote right here as nicely, please hear extra rigorously, “with the navy help of the worldwide group in a geopolitical confrontation with the Russian Federation.” Mainly, that is nothing however preparation for navy motion towards our country-against Russia.

We additionally know that there have already been statements that Ukraine will develop its personal nuclear weapons, and this isn’t empty boasting. Ukraine has Soviet nuclear know-how and the means to make use of such weapons, together with plane and Tochka U missiles, additionally of Soviet design, with a spread of greater than 100 kilometers. However they may improve that, it’s only a matter of time. There’s Soviet-era know-how.

So will probably be a lot simpler for Ukraine to pay money for tactical nuclear weapons than for another states-I gained’t title them now-that truly do such developments, particularly if it will get technological help from overseas. And we should not rule that out both.

If Ukraine comes into possession of weapons of mass destruction, the scenario on the planet, in Europe, particularly for us, for Russia, will change dramatically. We can not however react to this actual hazard, particularly to the truth that the Western patrons might facilitate the looks of such weapons in Ukraine to create one other risk to our nation. We will see how persistently the Kiev regime is pumped filled with weapons. America alone has supplied billions of {dollars} since 2014 for this function, together with weapons, gear, and specialised coaching. In current months, Western arms have flowed steadily into Ukraine, ostentatiously and in full view of the world. The Ukrainian armed forces and intelligence providers are run by international advisors, we’re nicely conscious.

In recent times, navy contingents from NATO nations have been virtually continually on Ukrainian territory below the pretext of workout routines. The command and management system of Ukrainian troops has already been built-in into NATO forces. Which means command over Ukrainian forces, together with particular person models and subunits, may be exercised immediately from NATO headquarters.

The U.S. and NATO have begun shamelessly opening up Ukrainian territory as a theater for potential struggle. The common joint workout routines are clearly anti-Russian. Final 12 months alone, they concerned greater than 23,000 troops and greater than a thousand items of navy gear.

A legislation has already been handed on permitting armed forces from different nations on the territory of Ukraine in 2022 to take part in multinational workout routines. It’s clear that we’re speaking about NATO forces within the first place. A minimum of ten such joint maneuvers are deliberate for this 12 months.

It’s apparent that such occasions function a canopy for the speedy buildup of the NATO navy power in Ukraine. That is all of the extra true for the reason that community of airfields developed with the assistance of the People – Boryspil, Ivano-Frankivsk, Chuguev, Odessa and so forth – can make sure the switch of navy models within the shortest potential time. Ukrainian airspace is open to flights of American strategic bombers and reconnaissance plane and drones used to watch Russian territory.

I want to add that the American-built Maritime Operations Middle in Ochakov makes it potential to help the actions of NATO ships, together with their use of precision weapons towards the Russian Black Sea Fleet and our infrastructure alongside your entire Black Coastline.

At one time, the U.S. wished to construct comparable amenities in Crimea, however the Crimeans and the residents of Sevastopol thwarted these plans. We are going to at all times bear in mind this.

I repeat, at the moment such a middle is being established, it has already been established in Ochakov. Let me remind you that within the 18th century troopers of Alexander Suvorov fought for this metropolis. It’s because of their braveness that it turned part of Russia. On the similar time, within the 18th century, the Black Sea lands, annexed to Russia because of the wars with the Ottoman Empire, had been referred to as Novorossiya. In the present day, these milestones of historical past are forgotten, as are the names of statesmen of the Russian Empire, with out whose actions many massive cities and even entry to the Black Sea in trendy Ukraine wouldn’t exist.

Lately the monument to Alexander Suvorov in Poltava was demolished. What to say about it? You deny your personal previous? From the so-called colonial heritage of the Russian Empire? Nicely, then be constant right here.

Additional. I want to level out that Article 17 of the Ukrainian Structure doesn’t enable the institution of international navy bases on the territory of Ukraine. Nevertheless, it turned out that that is only a conference that may be simply circumvented.

NATO nations have despatched coaching missions to Ukraine. Actually, they’re already international navy bases. They only name the bases “missions,” and it’s bagged.

Kiev has lengthy proclaimed a strategic course towards NATO membership. Sure, after all, each nation has the suitable to decide on its personal safety system and enter into navy alliances. And that will all be so if there weren’t a “however.” Worldwide paperwork explicitly enshrine the precept of equal and indivisible safety, which, as you realize, contains the duty to not strengthen one’s personal safety on the expense of the safety of different states. I can refer right here to the OSCE Constitution for European Safety adopted in Istanbul in 1999 and the OSCE Declaration of Astana in 2010.

In different phrases, the selection of safety shouldn’t be a risk to different states, and Ukraine’s accession to NATO is a direct risk to Russia’s safety.

Let me remind you that in April 2008, on the Bucharest Summit of the North Atlantic Alliance, the U.S. pushed by the choice that Ukraine and, for that matter, Georgia would turn into members of NATO. Many European allies of the U.S. had been already conscious of all of the dangers of such a prospect, however needed to bow to the need of their senior associate. The People merely used it to pursue a clearly anti-Russian coverage.

Quite a few Alliance member states are already very skeptical about Ukraine becoming a member of NATO. On the similar time, we’re getting a sign from some European capitals saying, “What are you nervous about? It’s not actually going to occur tomorrow.” Actually, our American companions are speaking about it, too. “Nicely,” we are saying, “not tomorrow, however the day after tomorrow. What does it change within the historic perspective? Mainly nothing.”

Greater than that, we’re conscious of the place and phrases of the management of america that the lively hostilities in jap Ukraine don’t preclude the opportunity of that nation becoming a member of NATO if it might meet the standards of the North Atlantic Alliance and defeat corruption.

But they maintain attempting to persuade us that NATO is a peace-loving and purely defensive alliance. They are saying that there is no such thing as a risk to Russia by any means. As soon as once more, they counsel that we take their phrase for it. However we all know the true worth of these phrases. When the difficulty of German reunification was mentioned in 1990, the Soviet management was assured by america that NATO’s jurisdiction and navy presence wouldn’t be prolonged one inch eastward. And that German reunification wouldn’t result in an eastward growth of NATO’s navy group. That could be a quote.

They talked, made verbal assurances, and all of it turned out to be empty noise. Later, we had been assured that NATO membership of Central and Jap European nations would solely enhance relations with Moscow, relieve these nations of the worry of their tough historic legacy, and, furthermore, create a belt of Russia-friendly nations.

The precise reverse has occurred. The governments of some Jap European nations, peddling their Russophobia, introduced their complexes and stereotypes concerning the Russian risk into the alliance and insisted on constructing collective protection capabilities for use primarily towards Russia. And this occurred within the Nineteen Nineties and early 2000s, when relations between Russia and the West had been at a excessive stage because of openness and our goodwill.

Russia fulfilled all its obligations, together with the withdrawal of troops from Germany and from the Central and Jap European states, thus making an awesome contribution to overcoming the legacy of the Chilly Conflict. Now we have at all times supplied numerous alternatives for cooperation, together with throughout the framework of the NATO-Russia Council and the OSCE.

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Greater than that, I’m going to say one thing now that I’ve by no means mentioned publicly earlier than, I’m going to say it for the primary time. In 2000, when outgoing U.S. President Invoice Clinton visited Moscow, I requested him, “What would America take into consideration admitting Russia into NATO?”

I gained’t disclose all the small print of that dialog, however the response to my query appeared outwardly, let’s consider, very guarded, and the way the People truly reacted to that risk may be seen of their sensible steps towards our nation. These embrace open help for terrorists within the North Caucasus, a dismissive perspective towards our calls for and safety considerations within the space of NATO growth, withdrawal from the ABM Treaty on the prohibition of missile protection, and so forth. It makes you surprise: why? What’s the level of all this? All proper, you don’t need to see us as a good friend and ally, however why do you must make an enemy out of us?

There is just one reply: it’s not due to our political regime or the rest, they merely don’t want such an enormous impartial nation as Russia. That’s the reply to all questions. It’s the supply of conventional American coverage towards Russia. Therefore the perspective to all our safety proposals.

In the present day, it’s sufficient to have a look at the map to see how the Western nations have “stored” their promise to not develop NATO to the East. They’ve merely deceived us. Now we have seen 5 waves of NATO growth, one after one other. In 1999, Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary had been admitted to the Alliance. In 2004, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia. 2009 Albania and Croatia. 2017 Montenegro and 2020 Northern Macedonia.

Because of this, the Alliance has come proper up towards Russia’s borders with its navy infrastructure. This was one of many primary causes of the Euro-security disaster and has had a really detrimental influence on the entire system of worldwide relations, resulting in the lack of mutual belief.

The scenario continues to deteriorate, together with within the strategic sphere. For instance, positions for missile protection missiles are being established in Romania and Poland as a part of the U.S. international missile protection mission. It’s identified that the launching pads positioned there can be utilized for Tomahawk cruise missiles, i.e. offensive assault techniques. (Translator’s notice: particulars may be discovered right here).

As well as, the U.S. is growing the common Normal 6 missile, which not solely solves air and missile protection issues, however may hit sea and land targets. In different phrases, the supposedly defensive U.S. missile protection system is being expanded and new offensive capabilities are rising.

The knowledge out there to us provides us each purpose to imagine that Ukraine’s accession to NATO and the following stationing of NATO property in that nation are a foregone conclusion; it is just a matter of time. It’s clear to us that in such a state of affairs the navy risk to Russia will improve many occasions over. And I significantly level out that the hazard of a shock assault on our nation will improve many occasions over.

I want to make clear that the American strategic planning paperwork – they’re official paperwork! – present for the opportunity of a so-called preemptive strike towards enemy missile techniques. And we additionally know who’s the primary opponent of the U.S. and NATO. It’s Russia. NATO paperwork formally declare our nation immediately as the primary risk to Euro-Atlantic safety. And Ukraine will function a springboard for such a blow. If our ancestors heard this, they most likely wouldn’t imagine it. And we don’t need to imagine it at the moment, however it’s true. I need this to be understood each in Russia and in Ukraine.

Many Ukrainian airfields are near our borders. NATO tactical plane stationed right here, together with high-precision weapon carriers, will be capable to hit our territory so far as the Volgograd-Kazan-Samara-Astrakhan line. The deployment of radar reconnaissance gear on Ukrainian territory will enable NATO to strictly management Russian airspace all the best way to the Urals.

After america broke the treaty on short- and medium-range missiles, the Pentagon is already overtly growing a spread of ground-based offensive weapons, together with ballistic missiles able to reaching targets as much as 5,500 kilometers away. If deployed in Ukraine, such techniques might strike targets all through Russia’s European territory in addition to past the Urals. Tomahawk cruise missiles would take lower than 35 minutes to achieve Moscow, 7 to eight minutes for ballistic missiles from the Kharkov area, and 4 to five minutes for hypersonic missiles. That’s what you name having the knife at your throat. And I’ve little question that they may implement these plans simply as they’ve repeatedly executed in recent times, increasing NATO eastward and shifting navy infrastructure and gear to Russia’s borders, fully ignoring our considerations, protests, and warnings. Alongside the traces of, excuse me, we don’t give a rattling about them, and we’ll do no matter we would like, no matter we expect is true.

And, after all, we’re additionally anticipated to proceed to behave in keeping with the wellknown saying, “The canine barks, however the caravan strikes on.” I say immediately that we’ve got not agreed to that and by no means will. On the similar time, Russia has at all times been and nonetheless is in favor of fixing probably the most complicated issues by political and diplomatic means on the negotiating desk.

We’re conscious of our nice accountability for regional and international stability. As early as 2008, Russia offered an initiative to conclude a European Safety Treaty. The important thing message was that no state or worldwide group within the Euro-Atlantic space can strengthen its safety on the expense of the safety of others. Nevertheless, our proposal was rejected from the outset: Russia couldn’t be allowed to limit NATO’s actions.

Greater than that, we had been explicitly informed that solely members of the North Atlantic Alliance might have legally binding safety ensures.

Final December, we despatched our Western companions a draft treaty between the Russian Federation and america of America on safety ensures and a draft settlement on measures to make sure the safety of the Russian Federation and NATO member states.

The response from america and NATO consisted of many frequent phrases. Whereas there have been some affordable factors, they handled secondary points and appeared like an try to divert the dialogue in one other course.

We responded accordingly, stressing that we’re able to go down the street of negotiations, however given that all points are thought of as a bundle, as an entire, with out separating them from the essential Russian proposals. And these include three necessary factors. The primary is the prevention of additional NATO enlargement. The second is the refusal to permit the alliance to deploy offensive weapons techniques on Russia’s borders. And at last, the return of the bloc’s navy capabilities and infrastructure in Europe to the place they had been in 1997, when the NATO-Russia Founding Act was signed.

It’s exactly these our principled proposals which were ignored. Our Western companions, I repeat, have as soon as once more uttered the hackneyed phrase that each state has the suitable to freely determine how to make sure its safety and be a part of any navy alliances and alliances. In different phrases, nothing has modified of their place, they usually maintain referring to NATO’s notorious “open door coverage.” Furthermore, they’re attempting to blackmail us once more by threatening us once more with sanctions, which, by the best way, they may impose anyway as Russia’s sovereignty and the ability of our armed forces improve. And a pretext for an additional sanctions assault is at all times discovered or just invented, whatever the scenario in Ukraine. The purpose is similar – to suppress Russia’s improvement. And they’re going to do it as they’ve executed earlier than, even with none formal pretext, as a result of we’ll by no means compromise our sovereignty, our nationwide pursuits and our values.

I need to say clearly that within the present scenario, when our proposals for an equal dialogue on basic points have gone just about unanswered by america and NATO, when the size of threats to our nation is rising considerably, Russia has each proper to take countermeasures to make sure its personal safety. That’s precisely what we’re going to do.

As for the scenario within the Donbass, we see that the management in Kyiv is consistently stating publicly that they don’t seem to be able to implement the Minsk bundle of measures to settle the battle and that they don’t seem to be concerned about a peaceable resolution. Quite the opposite, they’re as soon as once more attempting to arrange a blitzkrieg within the Donbass, as they did in 2014 and 2015. We nonetheless bear in mind how these adventures ended then.

Now virtually not a day goes by with out shelling of cities and villages within the Donbass. A big group of troops continually makes use of assault drones, heavy gear, rockets, artillery and a number of rocket launchers. The killing of civilians, the blockade, the mistreatment of individuals, together with kids, ladies and the aged, continues unabated. There isn’t a finish in sight.

And the so-called civilized world, the one representatives of which our Western colleagues have appointed themselves, prefers to not be aware of this, as if all this horror, genocide, to which just about 4 million individuals are subjected, didn’t exist, and solely as a result of these folks didn’t agree with the Western-backed coup in Ukraine in 2014 and resisted the elevated state motion in direction of a cavalier and aggressive nationalism and neo-Nazism. And they’re preventing for his or her most elementary rights: to stay in their very own nation, to talk their very own language, to protect their tradition and traditions.

How lengthy can this tragedy proceed? How for much longer can we endure it? Russia has executed every thing to protect Ukraine’s territorial integrity and has fought laborious and patiently all these years for the implementation of UN Safety Council Decision 2202 of February 17, 2015, which enshrines the Minsk Settlement of February 12, 2015 to resolve the scenario within the Donbass.

All in useless. Presidents and deputies of the Rada change, however the essence and aggressive, nationalistic character of the regime that took energy in Kiev doesn’t change. It’s solely a product of the 2014 coup d’état, and those that took the trail of violence, bloodshed, and lawlessness haven’t acknowledged any resolution to the Donbass concern aside from a navy one and won’t achieve this sooner or later.

On this context, I imagine it’s essential to take a long-overdue determination: to acknowledge the independence and sovereignty of the Donetsk Folks’s Republic and the Lugansk Folks’s Republic directly.

I ask the Federal Meeting of the Russian Federation to help this determination after which ratify the treaties of friendship and mutual help with each republics. These two paperwork might be drafted and signed within the close to future.

And from those that have taken and maintain energy in Kiev, we demand the instant cessation of hostilities. In any other case, the accountability for the potential continuation of bloodshed will relaxation solely on the conscience of the regime that governs the territory of Ukraine.

In asserting the selections taken at the moment, I belief within the help of the residents of Russia and all patriotic forces of the nation.

I thanks on your consideration.

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