Ukraine’s Armored Enterprises: A Prime Russian Goal

Map of Ukraine’s armored business: as much as 80% of huge enterprises are blocked or…

Map of Ukraine’s armored business: as much as 80% of huge enterprises are blocked or managed by Russia

https://mashnews.ru/bronetankovaya-otrasl-ukrainyi-do-80-krupnyix-predpriyatij-blokirovanyi-ili-pod-kontrolem-rf.html

As much as 80% of the massive Ukrainian enterprises engaged within the manufacturing and restore of varied armored automobiles have been blockaded by Russian forces or taken beneath management. MASHNEWS analysts have ready a short overview of what these vegetation produce and restore, and the place they’re positioned. As a result of secrecy and altering atmosphere, the overview doesn’t declare to be completely correct, however it does enable us to establish sure traits.

Earlier than the beginning of a particular navy operation in Ukraine there have been about 20 giant enterprises for the manufacturing, modernization and restore of automotive and armored automobiles. They had been positioned everywhere in the nation. Particularly giant clusters had been created again within the Soviet years in Kiev and Kharkov. The latter is legendary for the legendary Russian Soviet college of tank constructing.

At current the Kiev and Kharkov clusters, as a result of partial encirclement of those cities, are literally unable to simply accept broken automobiles or to ship new or repaired merchandise to the entrance.

Most of Ukraine’s tank and restore vegetation had been inherited from the Soviet Union, however after 2014 plenty of new enterprises emerged within the nation, largely associated to the manufacturing and restore of protected armored automobiles (MRAP).

  1. Kharkiv Morozov Machine Constructing Design Bureau. Morozov. It was based in 1927 within the USSR. It develops and checks promising fashions of Ukrainian armored automobiles.
  • The corporate makes BTR-4E, BTR-4E1, BTR-4E (YES), BTR-4M and BTR-4K armoured personnel carriers;
  • Produces the BREM-84 “Athlet-T” fight restore and restoration car based mostly on the T-84 BM “Oplot-T” tank;
  • Produces fight modules BM-7 “Parus”; Produces simulators for tank and APC crews.
  1. V.A. Malyshev plant. Based in 1896 within the Russian Empire. Produces a variety of armored automobiles, weapons and engines.

It produces the T-84 BM Oplot-T fundamental battle tank;

  • Produces the T-80UD Beryoza fundamental battle tank;
  • Produces BTR-4E, BTR-4E1, BTR-4E (DA), BTR-4M and BTR-4K armoured personnel carriers;
  • Produces armoured restore and restoration car BREM-4;
  • Produces BMM-4S armored restoration and sanitation car;
  • Produces fight modules BM-7 “Parus”;
  • Upgrades the T-64B tanks to the T-64BM Bulat (BM Bulat) sort of tank;
  • Produces 6TD-1 (1000 hp) and 6TD-2E (1200 hp) tank engines;
  • Produces 3TD-3A (500 hp) and 3TD-4 (600 hp) engines for BTR-4E armored personnel carriers;
  • It will probably carry out the entire vary of restore and modernization of armored automobiles.
  1. Kharkov Armored Plant. It was based within the USSR. It preserved its competence in repairing and modernizing tanks.
  • It upgrades the T-64B to the T-64BV sort;
  • Modernizes T-80B tanks as T-80BV tanks;
  • Is ready to restore and modernise varied kinds of tanks.
  1. Kharkov Plant of Particular Automobiles. It was based in 1943 within the USSR. It produces and repairs varied kinds of armoured automobiles.
  • It produces BTR-3M1 and BTR-3M2 self-propelled mortars;
  • It produces an armored ambulance and restoration car BMM-4S; Produces BTR-4E armoured personnel provider chassis;
  • Can restore armored automobiles of varied sorts.
  1. Kharkov Tractor Plant. It was based in 1931 within the USSR. It produces and repairs MT-LB.
  • Produces an armored multipurpose tractor MT-LB;
  • Can restore various kinds of armored automobiles.
  1. Kharkov Engine Design Bureau. It was based in 1932 within the USSR. It develops tank engines and produces auxiliary energy items.
  • The bureau is engaged within the improvement and testing of prototype fashions of promising
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Ukrainian tank engines 6TD-3 (1400 hp), 6TD-4 (1500 hp) and 6TD-5 (1800 hp); Produces auxiliary energy items (energy items) EA-8 and EA-10.

As much as 80% of the massive Ukrainian enterprises engaged within the manufacturing and restore of varied armored automobiles have been blockaded by Russian forces or taken beneath management. MASHNEWS analysts have ready a short overview of what these vegetation produce and restore, and the place they’re positioned. As a result of secrecy and altering scenario the assessment doesn’t faux to be completely correct, however it permits revealing sure traits.

  1. Kiev armored car plant. It was based in 1935 within the USSR. It produces a variety of armored automobiles and fight modules and upgrades varied kinds of gear.
  • The corporate produces BTR-3DA, BTR-3DAK, BTR-3E1, BTR-3K, BTR-3E1D, BTR-3E1U and BTR-3ES armoured personnel carriers;
  • Produces the BTR-3RK self-propelled anti-tank missile system;
  • Produces BTR-3M1 and BTR-3M2 self-propelled mortars;
  • Produces the BTR-3 command and workers car;
  • Produces BM-3M “Sturm-M”, BM-3S “Sturm-S”, BM-4 “Sturm” fight modules;
  • Conducts modernization of T-64B tanks to the T-64BV tank sort;
  • Conducts modernization of T-72B tanks to T-72AG “Thunder” sort; Gives a tracked firefighting car “Impulse-3M”;
  • Conducts an armored tractor BTS-5B.
  1. State Kiev design bureau “Luch”. It was based in 1968 within the USSR. Produces, amongst different issues, fight modules.
  • Produces the Sarmat light-weight fight module;
  • Produces and upgrades anti-tank missile methods and simulators for them; Produces anti-tank guided missiles.
  1. The manufacturing unit “Forge on Rybalsky”. Based in 1862 within the Russian Empire. Produces, amongst different issues, armored automobiles and fight modules.
  • Produces the Triton armored car;
  • Produces a light-weight fight module Cyborg (not but put into manufacturing).
  1. Analysis and Manufacturing Affiliation “Praktika”. Based in 1993. Produces APCs and armored automobiles.
  • Produces armored car Otaman (6×6);
  • Produces Otaman (8×8) armored personnel provider;
  • Produces particular reconnaissance car SRM-1 “Kozak”;
  • Produces armored automobiles “Kozak-001”, “Kozak-2”;
  • Produces Kozak-2M.1 tactical armoured car;
  • Produces Kazak-2M.2 armoured reconnaissance car.
  1. Design and Manufacturing Enterprise “Ukrainian Armored Automobiles”. Based in 2014. Produces armored automobiles.
  • Produces armored car of MRAP class “Varta”.
  1. the analysis and manufacturing firm Techimpex. Produces APCs.
  • Produces the Varan-30 armored car.
  1. Analysis and manufacturing firm “VK Systema”.
  • Produces an armored ambulance car MT-LB S Aesculapochka;
  • Assembles the armored car Oncilla 4X4 L2014-UD.
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  1. Lviv Armored Tanks Plant. Based in 1944 within the USSR. It produces a variety of armored automobiles.
  • It upgrades T-64B tanks to the T-64BV sort;
  • Produces Dozor-B armored car;
  • Produces tracked fire-fighting car GPM-72;
  • Produces an armored tractor BTS-5B.
  1. Zhytomyr Armoured Plant. It was based in 1943 within the USSR. It produces a variety of armored automobiles.
  • Produces BTR-4E armored personnel provider;
  • Produces BTR-3BR armored restore and restoration car;
  • Produces BTR-3S armoured restoration car;
  • Produces the KBA-105 “Shkval” fight module;
  • Produces BM-7 “Parus” and BM-7 “Desna” fight modules.

 

  1. Nikolaev armored car plant. Based in 1948 within the USSR. Produces and modernizes a variety of armored automobiles and produces fight modules.
  • It upgrades the BTR-70 to the BTR-70D sort (BTR-7 Defender);
  • Produces the BMM-70 Ark armored ambulance and restoration car;
  • Upgrades the BRDM-2 to the BRDM-2Di Khazar sort; Produces fight module BM-5M.01 “Katran-M”;
  • Produces Bug fight module.
  1. AvtoKrAZ. It was based in 1958 within the USSR. Produces a variety of navy vans and armored automobiles.
  • Produces MRAP class armored car KrAZ Shrek One;
  • Produces armored MRAP car KrAZ Feona;
  • Produces an armored MRAP car KrAZ Hulk;
  • Produces an armored truck KrAZ Hurricane;
  • Produces the KrAZCougar armored truck;
  • Produces the KrAZ-5233 Particular Forces off-road vans;
  • Is ready to restore and modernize a variety of vehicles and armored automobiles.
  1. The Chernigov Plant of Radio Gadgets (“CheZaRa”). It was based in 1967 within the USSR. Produces, amongst different issues, fight modules.
  • Produces a fight module “Iva”;
  • Produces elements for APCs.
  1. 45 Experimental Mechanical Plant. Based in 1943 within the USSR. It modernizes and repairs armored automobiles.
  • It upgrades BRDM-2 to BRDM-2I;
  • Repairs varied kinds of armored automobiles; Produces and upgrades navy gas tankers.
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Thus, out of the ~20 largest enterprises of the armoured car business of Ukraine, as much as 20% are nonetheless working usually. Given the continued particular navy operation, the potential of Ukraine’s military-industrial advanced will proceed to say no. On the identical time, MASHNEWS analysts see the remaining alternatives as important.

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