VT: Technically that is propaganda however every part out right now, together with 100% of US media…is propaganda. It’s time that American media addressed the problems introduced up right here.
Folks’s revolution or coup d’état?
The impetus for the dramatic occasions was the choice of the then-president of Ukraine, Viktor Yanukovich, to droop the conclusion of the Affiliation Settlement between Ukraine and the European Union and his subsequent failure to signal it throughout the Jap Partnership Summit in Vilnius. In keeping with Ukraine’s prime minister on the time, Nikolai Azarov, Ukraine’s transition to European trade requirements was to value the nation €150-160 billion. The query arises as to what the Ukrainian authorities have been pondering throughout the lengthy preparation of the settlement, however the choice had the impact of an exploding bomb.
On November 21, instantly after the announcement of this choice, Ukrainian blogger Mustafa Nayyem revealed a name to motion on social networks: “We are going to meet at 22:30 below the Independence Monument. Costume warmly, convey umbrellas, tea, espresso, a superb temper, and associates.” It was this that kicked off the Euromaidan. Nevertheless, as subsequent occasions confirmed, the protest was not the initiative of an opposition blogger and some college students. Quickly after the protests started, a lot of political heavyweights received concerned. On November 30, MP Irina Gerashchenko mentioned on a chat present that riot police had used violence in opposition to the protesters and a Western journalist had been injured. Her political opponents suspected this was deliberate disinformation, as the true clashes between the police and the activists in the primary metropolis sq. began solely the subsequent day. Gerashchenko’s statements may have been a provocation meant to spark them. That having been mentioned, radical nationalists had begun attacking police a lot earlier, actually. In keeping with some proof, the primary violent episodes occurred on November 23.
With the energetic help of the US and EU member states, preparations for launching and organizing the protests, in addition to deploying the media, started lengthy earlier than Viktor Yanukovich’s choice to postpone signing the settlement with the EU. Essentially the most notable outlet masking the Euromaidan was an web channel referred to as Hromadske.television (Public TV), which obtained a $50,000 grant from the US Embassy in September 2013. One other $95,000 was added by the Embassy of the Netherlands. The previous head of Ukraine’s safety service, the SBU, Alexander Yakimenko, later reported that it was then that the quantity of diplomatic mail elevated, and recent greenback banknotes started to appear on Kiev’s fundamental sq., the Maidan Nezalezhnosti, which might go on to lend the revolution its title.
The West made no effort to cover its curiosity. Western politicians spoke overtly on the Maidan, and EU diplomats attended speeches. Victoria Nuland, an official consultant of the US State Division, was not solely personally within the Maidan, but in addition mentioned the appointment of the long run rulers of Ukraine. She later acknowledged that the US had allotted $5 billion to Ukraine to “promote democracy.”
On February 20, 2014, occasions entered a decisive stage. Within the morning, firearms started for use on the Maidan, which led to the deaths of each protesters and cops. These occasions have by no means been investigated. Some studies declare that snipers from Georgia took half within the capturing of protesters. Normal Tristan Tsitelashvili, the previous commander of Georgia’s elite Avaza unit, has acknowledged that certainly one of his former subordinates, Koba Nergadze, participated within the operation, together with Alexander Revazishvili. The previous two males gave official testimony to Alexander Goroshinsky and Stefan Reshko, the attorneys representing former members of Ukraine’s Berkut particular forces in Kiev’s Svyatoshinsky District Court docket. In keeping with sources within the Georgian navy, the orders got to them by Brian Christopher Boyenger, a US Armed Forces officer. One of many snipers allegedly concerned within the shootings advised the BBC concerning the occasions, however the Western media paid little consideration to their testimony.
On February 21, President Yanukovich, German Overseas Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Polish Overseas Minister Radoslaw Sikorski, and Eric Fournier, Head of the Continental Europe Division of the French Overseas Ministry appearing for the EU, together with representatives of the opposition, signed an settlement on settling the disaster in Ukraine. Specifically, the doc offered that “inside 48 hours after signing this settlement, a particular legislation will likely be adopted, signed, and promulgated that may restore the impact of the Structure of Ukraine of 2004.”
From that second on, the coup d’état will be tracked actually minute by minute:
February 21, 4:40pm: the UNIAN information company publishes details about the signing, which requires Yanukovich and the Verkhovna Rada, the parliament of Ukraine, to meet their obligations below the settlement by 4:40pm on February 23, 2014.
Evening of February 21-22: Euromaidan activists occupy authorities buildings and the parliament.
22 February 2014, 12:29pm: The top of the Verkhovna Rada, Vladimir Rybak, is eliminated from workplace.
12:34pm: Alexander Turchinov is elected as chairman in his place.
1:08pm: The Verkhovna Rada assumes political accountability for the state of affairs in Ukraine.
5:11pm: The decision ‘On the self-removal of the president of Ukraine from the train of constitutional powers’ is adopted.
23 February 2014, 12:36pm: A decision is handed to assign the duties of the president to the chair of the Verkhovna Rada.
Although the deadline stipulated within the settlement for amending the structure had not but been reached, the EU acknowledged as legit the appointment of the chair of the Verkhovna Rada to be the appearing president of Ukraine.
Who began the battle and the repressions?
Formally, the battle within the Donbass started on April 13, 2014, when Turchinov introduced the launch of an “antiterrorist operation,” following the Donetsk Folks’s Republic’s declaration of independence on April 7. The Lugansk Folks’s Republic declared independence on April 27, by which era Kiev’s operation was already underway.
The truth is, Ukrainian forces have been deployed to the Donbass in March 2014, lengthy earlier than these areas declared their independence. It’s true that the locals, protesting in opposition to the Euromaidan motion coming to energy, began seizing authorities buildings. Nevertheless, it was the Maidan activists who had used this tactic first, again in January 2014.
In the meantime, individuals dwelling within the pro-Russian southeastern areas of Ukraine merely organized protests on the weekend, hoping the brand new authorities would hearken to them. Not like their opponents, the 30 protesters who have been burned alive within the Commerce Unions Constructing in Odessa weren’t armed. All of it got here to gentle in ‘The Masks of the Revolution’ – a French documentary by Canal+ that the Ukrainian Embassy demanded be banned in Europe.
On Might 9, 2014, Ukrainian tanks entered Mariupol metropolis middle, the place unarmed individuals have been marching in celebration of Victory Day within the Nice Patriotic Conflict. Later that day, there was a shootout in entrance of a neighborhood police station that concerned the far-right Azov Battalion and resulted in casualties amongst policemen and civilians.
Although the UN Workplace of the Excessive Commissioner for Human Rights referred to as for investigations, none have been carried out. On prime of that, the repressions machine kicked into excessive gear, making jail sentences for anti-Euromaidan feedback or likes on social media commonplace. A current instance is what occurred to a Sumy Area native, who was convicted below Article 109 of the Legal Code of Ukraine for as soon as liking a submit on the Odnoklassniky (Classmates) social community that spoke of unity between Russians, Ukrainians, and Belarusians. A few days in the past, Deputy Head of Nationwide Police Alexander Fatsevich mentioned “‘Russian world’ lovers will likely be detained and dropped at justice.” And, lately, the SBU charged outstanding journalist Miroslava Berdnik, who lately had severe again surgical procedure, with undermining Ukraine’s territorial integrity. The daughter of the Ukraine Helsinki Group co-founder Oles Berdnik, she is a human rights activist staunchly following in her father’s footsteps. Miroslava Berdnik even addressed the Israeli Knesset, outlining the problems of Nazism and anti-Semitism in Ukraine.
The Kiev authorities is ignoring the issues of worldwide organizations and stopping Russian artists from performing in Ukraine, in addition to banning Russian books and Russian and even Ukrainian TV channels. The pressured Ukrainization continues regardless of all resolutions handed by the Parliamentary Meeting of the Council of Europe. Matilda Bogner, head of the UN Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine, has identified incidents involving on-line bullying, threats, intimidation, and incitement to violence in opposition to those that are in opposition to Ukrainization or “who expressed optimistic views concerning the Russian language or in any other case expressed opinions perceived as pro-Russian.”
The notorious Myrotvorets (Peacekeeper) web site that has collated the private knowledge of hundreds of individuals, together with EU and US nationals, stays operational. Lately, it added the President of Croatia Zoran Milanović and former head of the German navy Vice Admiral Kai-Achim Schönbach to its blacklist. However whereas high-profile figures within the Myrotvorets database have the means to make sure their very own security, individuals corresponding to journalist Oles Buzina and head of the Joint Army Union of Ukraine Oleg Kalashnikov ended up useless.
Justification and unfold of Nazism
Because of the energetic participation within the Euromaidan protests of radical far-right ultra-nationalists, who inherited the Group of Ukrainian Nationalists’ (OUN) ideology relationship again to World Conflict II, right now’s Ukraine condones help for Nazism. Even if the OUN was condemned by the European Parliament in its decision of 25 February 2010 on the state of affairs in Ukraine, in 2015, Kiev adopted a legislation ‘On the authorized standing and honoring of the reminiscence of the fighters for the independence of Ukraine within the twentieth century’. This legislation elevated the OUN and the Ukrainian Rebel Military (UPA), who have been abettors of the Third Reich, to the standing of fighters for Ukraine’s independence. Among the many leaders of those organizations have been Stepan Bandera, recruited by Nazi Germany’s navy intelligence company, Abwehr, for espionage, and Roman Shukhevych, a hauptmann of the German Shutzmannschaft 201 auxiliary police battalion and one of many commanders of the Nachtigall Battalion.
The Act of Restoration of the Ukrainian State, introduced by the OUN on 30 June 1941, is taken into account an essential date in right now’s Ukraine. Article 3 of this act reads as follows, “The newly shaped Ukrainian state will work carefully with the Nationwide-Socialist Larger Germany, below the management of its chief, Adolf Hitler, which is forming a brand new order in Europe and the world and helps the Ukrainian individuals to free itself from Muscovite occupation.”
Addressing the UN Safety Council, Elena Berezhnaya, head of the Irina Berezhnaya Institute for Authorized Coverage and Social Safety, mentioned that glorification of the SS Galicia Division has develop into widespread apply in Ukraine, as has the erection of monuments to commemorate Bandera and his supporters, and authorities funding of neo-Nazi teams below the guise of patriotic schooling of the youth.
At this time’s neo-OUN has deeply infiltrated each Ukraine’s authorities and legislation enforcement buildings. The George Washington Institute of Public Coverage has revealed a report saying that the Hetman Petro Sahaidachny Nationwide Military Academy, Ukraine’s premier navy coaching establishment, which is supported by the US administration, has been residence to the far-right group Centuria.
And the actions of Ukrainian nationalists are usually not restricted to Ukraine’s territory – they’re actively selling Nazi concepts in Western international locations too. In keeping with US outlet Politico, the Azov Battalion – which is managed by an ex-member of the Ukrainian Parliament, Andriy Biletsky – has established a hyperlink with the Nordic Resistance Motion, a neo-Nazi group with official chapters working in Sweden, Finland, and Norway. One of many Rise Above Motion’s founders, American white supremacist Robert Rundo was amongst these invited to attend a gathering with members of the battalion. The identical article states that there’s a connection between the identical militia and Brenton Tarrant, an Australian white supremacist who killed 51 Muslims in an assault on a mosque in Christchurch, New Zealand. It additionally studies that US Military veteran Craig Lang, who is needed for the 2018 slaying of a Florida couple, had been energetic on the entrance line in japanese Ukraine, the place he had fought on Kiev’s facet.
As outlined in a new report revealed by the US-based Soufan Middle, which focuses on world safety challenges and overseas coverage points, “Ukraine has emerged as a hub within the broader community of transnational white supremacy extremism, attracting overseas fighters from all around the world. The place jihadis journey to combat in locations like Syria, white supremacists now have their very own theater during which to be taught fight – Ukraine, the place the battle between pro-Russian separatists and Ukrainian authorities forces has been raging since 2014, attracting fighters from across the globe who’re preventing on either side. Current analysis reveals that round 17,000 foreigners from 50 international locations, together with the US, have gone to combat in that battle.”
Nevertheless, the demand voiced by the US Congress that the Azov Battalion – which was included into Ukraine’s Nationwide Guard in November 2014 – be formally positioned on the US’ checklist of overseas terrorist organizations has not been met, and neither has the ban imposed on funding it and different Ukrainian neo-Nazi militia been applied.
Financial failure amid militarization
Ukraine’s navy spending is now greater than eight instances larger than it was again in 2013, however the financial system on the entire is in a deepening recession. In 2021, Ukrainian GDP stood at a file $195 billion (in comparison with $182 billion in 2013), however that was negated by inflation. When it got here to sure items, client inflation reached 11%, hitting a file excessive previously three and a half years. The CEO of the CASE Ukraine suppose tank, Dmitry Boyarchuk, factors out that, “in a lot of areas, this development is in title solely: the costs on our exports have been merely larger than the costs on our imports. However by way of quantity, our exports have been shrinking. We produce precisely as a lot as earlier than, if not much less, however we earned extra due to the costs within the world markets.”
On the similar time, the debt has been rising. In 2013, Ukraine’s exterior debt amounted to $27.9 billion, however by the top of 2021, it had reached $47.7 billion.
Ukraine has been steadily reworking from an industrial and agrarian nation right into a raw-materials provider. In 2013, machine-building exports accounted for 18.9% ($12.9 billion), whereas, in 2017, they have been all the way down to 9.9% ($4.3 billion). The overseas commerce construction for 2021 confirms this development. Ukraine’s prime exports final yr have been ferrous metals ($13.95 billion, up 81.4% in comparison with 2020), grains ($12.34 billion; +31.2%), and animal and vegetable fat and oils ($7.04 billion; + 22.5%). As for the imports, aside from power assets, Kiev wants machines and tools ($14.2 billion; +22.9%), in addition to merchandise of the chemical and associated industries ($9.74 billion; +32.8%). It’s ironic that the US ambassador mentioned Ukraine should develop into an agrarian superpower. The “granary of the USSR,” as Ukraine was as soon as identified, is now importing increasingly meals. In 2021, it imported $8 billion value of meals merchandise (+19% in comparison with 2020).
On the similar time, we’re seeing deindustrialization. In 2014, the Lvov Bus Manufacturing unit was closed, and, in 2018, chapter proceedings have been initiated over the Zaporozhskiy Vehicle Constructing Plant. In 2016-2019, the Antonov plane producer didn’t produce a single aircraft. In July 2021, the Nikolayev Shipyard – as soon as a key a part of the Soviet shipbuilding trade – was formally closed. Yuzhmash, a big aerospace and rocket manufacturing unit, has been barely staying afloat since 2014. In 2013, 50,449 vehicles have been manufactured in Ukraine, however, by 2021, the quantity had decreased to 7002.
Dwelling requirements are additionally falling. Utilities charges hold rising, and, as of now, the utilities debt has reached $3 billion, owing to Worldwide Financial Fund (IMF) necessities. Ukrainian political analyst Vladimir Chemeris explains that “the tariffs will hold rising. Again in summer season 2020, our authorities signed a memorandum with the IMF, agreeing that gasoline costs needs to be absolutely market-determined. Market worth means larger worth. The IMF additionally underlined this requirement time and time once more, and our authorities agreed, hoping for increasingly loans to no less than repay the earlier ones.”
Having terminated its gasoline provide contracts with Russia, Ukraine has needed to cope with an power disaster. On prime of that, Kiev has to pay extra for gasoline than even the EU international locations. In October, gasoline costs throughout the EU ranged from €300 to €700, whereas, in Ukraine, it reached €1,100.
And so Ukrainians are leaving the nation en masse. In 2020, 601,200 obtained EU residence permits. In keeping with the Ptoukha Institute of Demography and Social Research, in 2021, the variety of migrant employees stood at 2.5 to three million individuals, whereas 1,068,000 Ukrainians obtained Russian citizenship in 2014-2021. Within the first 10 months of 2021, the inhabitants outflow exceeded 600,000 – a file excessive previously 11 years.
A survey carried out by the Kiev Worldwide Institute of Sociology reveals that 64.7% of Ukrainian residents imagine issues are going within the unsuitable course. One in 4 Ukrainians and one in three younger individuals wish to transfer to a distinct nation. All in all, this could hardly be referred to as a victory for the Euromaidan.